What Does UK Home Insurance Cover?

A row of British homes

Nobody knows what tomorrow will bring, but home insurance policies can give you peace of mind that at least you won’t lose out financially when the unexpected happens. In this article we look at:

  • A typical home insurance policy
  • The types of home insurance
  • How much home insurance is roughly
  • House insurance when renting

What is a typical home insurance policy?

There are two types of home insurance cover. Buildings insurance covers the damage to the structure of the property or its fittings or fixtures. In other words, anything that you’d leave behind if you moved house. When taking out a mortgage, this cover is compulsory as your mortgage provider wants to protect their investment.

Home contents cover is an insurance policy which protects all your personal belongings from loss, theft or damage. This would include all your furniture, clothes, domestic appliances and so on.

Home contents cover protects all your  belongings from loss, theft or damage

You should always read the small print when taking out home insurance because policies vary slightly from provider to provider. Generally, a basic home insurance policy protects you from loss and/or damage caused by fire, theft, adverse weather conditions, floods, etc.

Depending on your personal circumstances, there are a number of optional add-ons which you might choose to add to this basic cover, but only after discussing the matter with your insurer to make sure they are suitable. The most common include:

  • Accidental damage.
  • Personal belongings to cover items which are regularly taken out of the home like mobiles or laptops.
  • Extra cover for valuable items such as antiques or jewellery which exceed the insurer’s single item limit.
  • Legal expenses (in case you’re sued for an accident which occurred on your property).
  • Additional cover if you work from home.

UK home insurance questions:

What does UK home insurance cover?

Home insurance in the UK normally consists of two types of cover – building insurance and contents insurance. The building insurance covers problems connected with damage to the building itself, such as in a flood or some form of structural damage. Contents insurance covers the contents within a building, such as your household items and personal possessions. Most home insurance policies cover both buildings and contents at the same time but check your home insurance policy to find out what it covers as this varies between insurance companies.

Does UK home insurance cover water damage?

Most modern home insurance policies in the UK cover damage to the property or contents which involves water, such as a flood, burst pipes or unexpected leak. In other words, any water damage which is sudden and unexpected is normally covered. Your home insurance policy may not cover slow damage, such as mould or a very small water leak from pipes which has occurred over a long period of time, or issues such as dampness in the house which has led to damage. Check your home and contents insurance policy to find our what it covers.

What happens when you make a home insurance claim?

Under normal conditions, your UK home insurance company will already have a value of the contents in your home. If a situation occurs where your building or contents suffer damage due to unexpected events you should contact your home insurance provider and lodge a claim. They will send an assessor, sometimes called an insurance adjuster, to view and determine the damage to your home. The insurance adjuster may value the damage to your home and contents separately.

How much is home insurance roughly?

The average cost of a buildings insurance policy is £258 per year while home contents insurance works out at an average of £127. It can be significantly cheaper to purchase both types from the same insurance provider as a joint policy costs, on average, £307 per year.

A couple are meeting with a home insurance advisor

However, these prices are simply a guideline because the cost of your home insurance policy depends on a number of variables. The most important is your excess. This is your financial contribution to any claim you make from your insurer. If you choose a higher excess, you can reduce the price of your home insurance.
Other variables which play a role when your insurer is calculating the price of your policy are:

  • Your postcode.
  • The size/condition of the property.
  • The value of your possessions.
  • Whether you’ve chosen add-ons to your basic cover.
  • Whether you’ve made previous claims on your home insurance.

Do I need home insurance when renting?

It isn’t compulsory to have home insurance when living in rented accommodation. If a structural problem like a leak caused damage to your belongings, then your landlord would be responsible. He could make a claim under his own home buildings insurance as long as the property had been properly maintained. However, his policy wouldn’t cover you for accidental damage or the theft of your personal belongings. For this reason, it’s advisable to have home contents insurance even if you aren’t a homeowner.

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